Marginalized by history, the Chinese workers were more than a nameless group of laborers. The Central Pacific Railroad needed a large workforce to meet the challenge of building a railroad over the Sierra Nevada. Using only hand tools, Chinese workers comprised ninety percent of the labor force that achieved this impossible task. Chinese immigrants experienced extreme prejudice from white workers who felt threatened by them dating back to their arrival in California for the Gold Rush. Their experience culminates with the first congressional act designed to restrict the immigration of an entire race of people—The Chinese Exclusion Act of Explore the inside of this private railcar once owned by the pioneers of railroad photography, Lucius Beebe and Charles Clegg.
Because women's wages varied a great deal around the country in the s, most wage data is reported by state. In addition to the state-by-state links below, see also the links further above for school teachers, clothing manufacture and laundry work, as women workers were heavily concentrated in those jobs. See list of the most common occupations for women in and , outside of agricultural work. Alabama: Birmingham and Mobile. Arkansas: Little Rock. California: Los Angeles and San Francisco. Connecticut: Bridgeport and New Haven.
New California bill would lower penalties for adults who have sexual relations with a minor
The term is used to reference pot smoking. While the term was historically used as a "code" to designate someone's activities or beliefs, such as " friendly," it is no longer a secret. Most people are now aware of its association with marijuana and parents and teens alike are likely to come across it on social media or in pop culture. Despite the popularity of the term , most people have no idea how or why became associated with marijuana. That's why there are a lot of myths, rumors, and stories floating around about the origins of the term and how it came to be used.
The practice of abortion —the termination of a pregnancy —has been known since ancient times. Various methods have been used to perform or attempt an abortion, including the administration of abortifacient herbs, the use of sharpened implements, the application of abdominal pressure, and other techniques. Abortion laws and their enforcement have fluctuated through various eras. In many western countries during the 20th century abortion-rights movements were successful in having abortion bans repealed.